How often and thoroughly brush your teeth: methods for cleaning and tips for the choice of means

Dental cleaning is an important hygienic procedure. Use careful Hygiene of the teeth and oral cavity – not just a rule, known to all from childhood. Proper brushing – cavity is the key to a healthy gut flora and normal metabolism in the mouth.

how to brush properly to the teeth

Why you need to brush your teeth to

The oral cavity is not to have the ability to self-cleaning (in contrast to, for example, ears), so the Hygiene is entirely dependent on the Person. Along with this, for keeping the oral cavity is particularly important.

First, the minerals from which the tooth enamel, which is extremely sensitive to acidsand each meal increases the acidity in the mouth. Part of it is saliva neutralized with alkaline properties. However, this is far from enough, especially in diseases of the digestive tract where the acidity of the saliva, or reduced salivary flow increases. In this Situation, household work, help in recovering to an acceptable level of acid in the mouth.

Secondly, are the teeth in regular intervals, forming dental plaque, consisting of a particle of food. mixed with dead skin cells of the gums. This Plaque is a suitable environment for the multiplication of bacteria. Dental cleaning helps to remove him, alerting to the infection and inflammation of the teeth and the surrounding soft tissue.

The neglect of oral hygiene involves primarily the destruction of tooth enamel due to excessive exposure to acids and various inflammations (Gingivitis, periodontitis) due to the uncontrolled multiplication of bacteria. As a result, this leads to the destruction of the tooth crowns tooth decay and loosening and loss of teeth due to the inflammation of the gums and loosening.

Types of means of Hygiene of an oral cavity of the mouth

The medium for the oral care is certainly not on top of Pasta, and brush. In addition, brush and Pasta are also different and fit for different situations.

Modern Toolkit for the mouth hygiene is very wide:

  • Toothbrush – a handy tool to remove food residue and dental plaque. Toothbrushes are hygienic Standard in any business to be sold, and preventive – special uses in diseases of the gums. Separately electric tooth brushes, more expensive, but effective, and the draw;
  • Toothpaste – now this Tool was almost universal. Tooth pastes on Hygiene exclusively for the cleaning, and lechebno-preventive, and can be specially designed for specific tasks – reducing the inflammation of the gums, the mineralization of the tooth enamel, bleaching, etc., medicine toothpaste a doctor to prescribe – experiment with them yourself is not recommended;
  • Conditioner for mouth – cash and cash equivalents with a high chemical activity, thanks to which you will be able, eliminating Plaque and removing the inflammation;
  • Dental floss – dental floss designed for cleaning the spaces between the teeth;
  • Teip – tooth Band, the Analog of the dental floss. Recommended for people with enlarged intervals between the teeth;
  • Interdental brushes are used for cleaning the spaces between the teeth in the presence of three, also well suitable for the cleaning of brackets.

How to make a toothpaste

To determine the selection of the toothpaste several factors:

  • Age;
  • the General condition of the teeth;
  • the presence or absence of diseases of the oral cavity;
  • the level of water fluoride.

The minimum recommended content of fluoride in children's toothpaste – 500 ppm (parts per million – millionth of a share of, unit of measure, and a similar per cent), in the adult – 800 ppm.

However, the excess fluorine, and can be damaged. So, inhabitants of regions with an increased content of fluoride in the water (more than 1 mg/L) often suffer from fluorosis, a disease of the teeth, in the Form of abrasion and thinning of the tooth enamel and the appearance of your dark spots.

People in these areas should toothpastes with a high content of calcium and phosphorus, these substances reduce the activity of the fluoride ion.


A mandatory component of toothpaste abrasives, substances, Erase Plaque from the surface of the tooth enamel, and Polish. Primarily as a grinding medium used compounds of silicon, but often, and grinding means on the basis of calcium.

As abrasive make use of substantial mechanical action on the surface of the tooth, people with thin, damaged enamel (and children) better pastes with a low content of abrasive materials.

How to choose the brush

The toothbrush enables a mechanical cleaning of the teeth. Modern toothbrushes differ by the degree of stiffness of the bristles – from very soft to very hard. Soft and very soft toothbrush can be used, with dilution of the enamel, but also in inflammation and bleeding of the gums. If there are no serious diseases are considered to be the best Option as a medium-sized tooth brush, you remove Plaque and non-traumatic tissue of the gums.

Dentists recommend toothbrushes with alternating soft and hard bristles (hard bristles shorter so as not to hurt the gums).

Also of importance is the length and arrangement of the bristles. The most effective recognized brushes with bristles, and with long edges and shorter in the middle – this Form allows a large surface to cover. Good brushes have been proven, and with a at the front end of the narrow beam long bristles – it helps to clean more effectively the space between the teeth.

The average optimal size of the work surface toothbrushes for adults – 2.5-3.5 cm long and 0.7-1 cm wide.

Selection Rinse Aid

Flushing – a simple and effective means for maintaining the purity and oral health. This is a good complement to the Standard cleaning toothpaste and brush. However, the Conditioner more than the narrowly focused Fund, so in the case of your choice, it is necessary to pay attention to their composition and effect:

  • Conditioner for the prevention of dental caries in the composition contain fluorine compounds. They are suitable for people living in areas not adequately fluoridated water. Best Conditioner combine such pastes with a high content of Calcium;
  • special Conditioner for the treatment of inflammation of the gums anti include antibacterial substances such as chlorhexidine or alcohol. You are able to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth to 75%, but not to abuse – it is the danger of the natural micro-disturb cave fauna of the mouth. It is recommended that the use of such funds for no longer than two weeks;
  • Conditioner to prevent inflammation of the gums are on the basis of natural extracts of medicinal plants – stinging nettle, chamomile, oak bark, and other. These funds are not as good as alcohol, and chlorhexidine, but they do not violate the natural micro flora and do not dry the mucous membranes. Apply Conditioner plant-based, they can be arbitrarily long;
  • Conditioner to freshen the mouth are a part of zinc, which eliminates unpleasant odors.

Selection Of Dental Floss

With the choice of dental floss is all very simple. For Standard teeth best flat dental floss, to clean the three – round. Better waxed thread is better, the tooth goes in-between spaces. To give the materials better, preference, artificial Nylon, Nylon, the external cap, etc.

Methods of tooth cleaning

It is important not only to the correct toothpaste and toothbrush, but also the selection of the most effective algorithm and the order of the cleaning of the teeth.

  1. Standard cleaning methodrecognized to be the most effective, consists in a rigorous cleaning of the upper and lower jaw, beginning with the molar, short movements from gums to the cutting or chewing portion of the crown. Chewable surface of the jaws teeth are cleaned similar movements to the front of the tooth. It is recommended that the cleaning of the upper jaw, then the transition to the lower. The direction must be from right to left.
  2. Method of business administration – teeth with closed jaws with circular movements cleaned. The same movements in the upright Position the brush is cleaned on a chewable surface. This method allows for the simultaneous cleaning massaging the gums and is recommended in case of inflammations and other diseases.
  3. Method boat Charter toothbrush in a 45-degree angle to the edge of the gums, then there are circular movements. The bristles do not move away from the surface of the teeth. This method helps to clean the high quality interdental spaces. It is also useful as a Massage of the gums and prevents relapses after the treatment of periodontitis and Gingivitis.

Extremely is not recommended, when cleaning the movement from the front to the back: you are not only removes Plaque, but washing and tooth enamel.

How often, when, and how much time they need to brush their teeth

the choice of brush

It is recommended that you thoroughly brush your teeth twice a day, morning and evening, after 2-3 minutes. You can do it longer than three minutes, it is not recommended to delete, Email. If there is no possibility to brush the teeth twice a day, better make it in the evening before going to sleep, as the disease to multiply-causing bacteria active, especially in the night.


Oral hygiene is a very important part of the Hygiene of the people. To help properly selected Tools, to maintain your teeth and gums healthy.