Professional Tooth Cleaning

Professional dental cleaning is a procedure that involves the removal of dental plaque and Pigment plaque, which is on reception at the dentist. Cleaning of Tartar, and a pigmented dental plaque can be carried out with various methods (ultrasound, AirFlow, Vector), or a combination thereof.

At home, with the help of toothbrush and Paste you can succeed only soft remove Plaque from the teeth. However, if the last time is not scraped off, so he will gradually, with salts of calcium, in the saliva contained. As a result of the process soft mineralization, the microbial Tartar is Plaque that you can remove only the dentist.


Important: the process of primary processing of soft dental plaque occurs in an average of 6-12 hours. In different people this time may be different, due to the peculiarities of, for example, in the composition of saliva, breathing through the mouth. So, if you are not exposed at this time the teeth, then the teeth, a thin layer of partially processed Plaque, to remove the no longer a manual toothbrush.

As soon as on a smooth enamel roughness of the Film of Plaque appears to be – process of formation of Tartar is often accelerated. This is due to the fact that on the smooth surface of the enamel micro-organisms in the oral cavity is difficult enough to stick to it. The same rough surface to stick to you very easily, very quickly increasing amount of dental plaque.

The optimal method to carry out a professional cleaning

The removal of dental plaque consists of two phases: firstly, the direct removal of the stone, the second is the obligatory polishing of the teeth after the removal of the stone, Plaque, Pigment. After the removal of the deposits on the tooth surface micro always remain particles of Plaque, a rough surface, the glue is very fast. Therefore, polishing is mandatory!

The removal of dental plaque and the massive layer of the pigment should be only with the help of ultrasound. But polishing can be done either with special brushes and pastes for polishing – this process is reminiscent of cleaning the teeth with a electric toothbrush. Or with the help of the AirFlow to a method for polishing with a special device, the water-air mixture with particles of abrasive.

Important: professional dental cleaning, ideally combined stone removal ultrasonic + polishing AirFlow. If you don't Plaque only pronounced Retinitis, can only AirFlow.

Stage 1 – cleaning of Tartar with ultrasound

Cleaning of Tartar with the help of ultrasound is universal and is the most common in the world. The device for the removal of calculus can be embedded in a dental Installation and can be run as a separate unit.

What is the ultrasonic cleaning is the tip of the ultrasound has a nozzle, the tip is a high-frequency oscillating movement of the ultrasonic frequency (25 to 50 KHz). In addition, in the process of cleaning the tip of the tool is always a water-or an anti-solution, in parallel, from the oral cavity through the saliva ejector Sept.

Remove the Pigment debris and Plaque is done by two processes. First, vibrating the tip of the nozzle in contact with the dental stone and Patina – mechanically the install destroyed the tooth. The most important requirement is here that the reciprocating linear motion of the tip of the nozzle along the surface of the tooth – then it all becomes too much, and the enamel remains intact.

Secondly, the removal of dental plaque, Pigment by the effect of cavitation. Water on the tip of the nozzle is not in vain. The vibrations of an ultrasonic frequency in the aquatic environment cause the formation of numerous bubbles, which explode, releasing the energy, which is sufficient for the destruction of Plaque and bacterial film on the surface of the tooth enamel and the tooth root.

Advantages of ultrasonic cleaning

Ultrasonic cleaning
  • Versatility and quality – ultrasonic cleaning removes all: and Retinitis Plaque and hard dental forming plaque on gingival and subgingival. Ultrasonic Tartar remover as a rule, have several essays, which in the process of cleaning. Great short-nozzles to remove the massive stone, but more as a long and thin deposits in the periodontal pockets (the poddesnevih of the tooth).
  • The bactericidal effect of ultrasound – in patients with periodontal disease, a large part of the infections are currently concentrated in the periodontal pockets. Ultrasonic cleaning poddesnevih of the sediments by the effect of cavitation for the suppression of the pathogenic microflora of periodontal pockets, and the liquid stream (which carries you to the top of the nozzle) at the same time to wash away.
  • Comfort and an affordable price – feel the procedure is usually painless, but it will be slight Vibration. Pain in the rule, with a sensitive bearing of teeth, pin connected, either with the work in depth of periodontal pockets. In the last cases, the anesthesia can. The cost for the cleaning is much cheaper method to the unit Vector.

Massive surgical the mucus deposits skin thinned, swollen, and bleed easily. Therefore, minor bleeding during and after surgery. For the fastest normalization of the gums after the procedure, it is by means of special gels.

Disadvantages of ultrasonic cleaning

  • The ultrasound devices of the old Generation – ultrasonic-scaler very much from each other, and the main difference lies in the Form of the movement of the tip of the working nozzle differ. Such movements should only Linear, that guarantees no damage to the enamel and the root surface. Only ultrasonic Piezo scaler meet this requirement.

    There are a variety of cheap, outdated appliances, you can clinics meet in private dental. It comes to Sound and magnetostrictive layers of paint, the ultrasound vibration to produce waves, but the vibrations of the tip of the working area of the nozzle in such a Scaler can have a round shape

    The movement of the tip of the nozzle elliptical and circular forms of guarantees to the surface of the tooth to hurt, because the top beat in the Email, and you do not move strictly along the surface, as it moves with the Piezo-Scaler (the top of which is strictly Linear). Therefore, the main task of the physician when working with piezoelectric ultrasonic cleaners, the nozzle tip, moving always along the surface of the tooth and are not perpendicular to the surface.

  • Complications of the incompetence of the doctor – not to remove, difficult to form on the gums dental plaque. It can be used in 1 hour with all the teeth, including polishing and fluoridation. But most of the people in the dental deposits, which locates below the gumline in periodontal pockets exist and poddesnevie. Such deposits are not optically visible, and you have to specifically look for it.

    Search for such deposits and the more your qualitative removal process for a very long time, and often requires 3-4 treatments. Very few doctors can and want to do it. Therefore, high-quality professional teeth cleaning for patients with periodontal disease should only by doctors specializing in diseases of the gums. If you really only gingival surfaces, then you can therapist sure to go to the normal dentist.

Teeth cleaning at the dentist

2-step-cleaning – polishing of teeth

The traditional way of polishing using a special polishing brushes and pastes (Fig.10), and polishing the contacts between the teeth is carried out with the help of special thin strips of wood, the grinding medium.

Developed by the Swiss company, the method "air-flow" – is a polishing of the teeth with the help of water-air mixture, the particles of abrasive (Fig.11). The mixture is placed under pressure, and to remove from the teeth all that is left after the ultrasonic cleaning, the polished to a high gloss. The freshness in the mouth after such a Polish is just awesome.

3 Phase – Fluoridation

It is not a mandatory step, however, it is very desirable. It strengthens the weakened tooth enamel, reduce hypersensitivity of the teeth, is an excellent prevention of caries. Fluoridation consists in applying on the surface of the teeth of fluoride gels/varnishes, for a short period of time.