In the mouth of every human being a variety of bacteria concentrate according to recent research, one gram of saliva, there are about 200 billions of different microorganisms. If hygienic procedures are not or not in sufficient quality, are available, the bacteria will receive the opportunity to multiply actively, on teeth, gums and language in the Form of Plaque. If not to remove it surgically, the soft Plaque hardens and turns into a thick stone, from which it is impossible to go home. Exactly the Plaque and stone are the main causes for the emergence of most of the diseases of the oral cavity.
The goal of a comprehensive Hygiene in the dental practice Plaque to remove, and the hard stone between the teeth, the surface of the teeth and under the gums. A number must every six months with the accumulation of dental plaque. Patients with sensitive enamel procedures assigned, which is not rare more than 1 time per year.
After a comprehensive oral hygiene significantly improves the condition of gums, reduces inflammation, reduces bleeding, the teeth whitening through their natural cleansing. So, removal of Plaque and stone recommended in the treatment of diseases of the gums, as well as for the prophylaxis of caries and inflammatory processes of the soft mucous membrane.
Before the invention of modern devices for the removal of Plaque and stone, the expansion was carried out manually by the use of tools with a hook at the top. They are still used today, but only as a Supplement to another, more progressive Outfit.
This is the most important method for the removal of stone and Plaque from the surface of the teeth and under the gums. The device by means of a special handpiece (Scaler) delivers the ultrasonic waves, the stone smashed into small particles, easily washable with water. The duration of the procedure of approximately 30-60 minutes at the cleaning of the entire tooth row.
The procedure is often painless, however some patients (especially in the presence of sensitive tooth enamel or Tartar below the gums) can deliver unpleasant sensations in this case, on the surface anesthesia is applied in the Form of a gel.
The advantages of the application of ultrasound in painlessnesses, efficacy and safety for the teeth. The device makes it possible, even with the chronic deposits in just a single visit.
Air Flow is the air-particle abrasion. Can be used as a Standalone Tool or as a Supplement to ultrasonic function. A special device by means of the end piece occurs under high pressure a water jet with abrasive particles, which helps to soft Plaque wash away as with the surface of the teeth and under the gums. Air Flow is essential in the cleaning of hard to reach places. In addition, a Massage of the gums, which have a positive influence on their condition.
In powder form, and at the same time with water, available flavors, refreshing mouth. However, if a patient is allergic to citrus fruits, mint or eucalyptus, which have to do without after treatment.
Air-Flow is not only an effective cleaning, but also the simultaneous polishing and bleaching of the tooth enamel. This effect is characterized by the cleaning of the surface of the teeth, their tone, the luster and the hue will change in a couple of shades. It is a beautiful complement to the implementation of the sanitary complex.
In addition to the cleavage from the solid dental stone chemicals can be applied in cases in which ultrasound or Air-Flow are not effective. As a medication, usually hydrogen peroxide or preparations with a content of various abrasive particles. You will wash for a few seconds on a solid rock, and water.
Also as an additional means for removal of Plaque and stone hand tools, in General, apply the thin hook to work with the doctor seems to be deposits under the gums. This method also allows to check the depth of periodontal pockets, and more carefully cleaned.
If the dental cleaning is a professional doctor, defects she has no pain after the procedure is fast, the tissue does not hurt, the Plaque and the stone can be removed very efficiently. The only downside may be the need for a professional Hygiene on a continuous Basis, so that the Patient the self-control (together with the passage of the classical investigations of the condition of the teeth). In combination with the qualitative self-Hygiene is an excellent prevention of many diseases of the teeth and gums.
After the implementation of a comprehensive care during the first days the Patient should refrain from brushing your teeth (in the evening, enough mouth rinse and flossing), as well as the consumption of staining beverages and foods.
To strengthen to save the result, it is desirable to have an independent Hygiene. To do this, you must follow only 3 simple rules:
Just full-fledged and regular oral hygiene is the best prevention of the formation of dental plaque, which cause great damage his teeth and gums. Do not forget about the passage of preventive examinations and conducting the professional Hygiene the perfect complement to the preservation of the health of the teeth and gums.
Cleaning of the teeth of Plaque and stone in the complex: even the Patient himself must remove the deposits with a brush and toothpaste in the morning and in the evening, as well as flossing and rinsing after every meal. Home is a kind of Alternative (but not complete!) Process professional cleaning, the use of the irrigator'. The device enables you to cope quite effectively with their soft deposits.
More than a serious Alternative cleaning at the dentist, the implementation of the gingival curettage. This procedure does not exclude the application of all these methods, but in addition a surgical procedure implies Peeling the gums, the compounds of the sediments presented deep under the gingival margin.