Overview of the different types and ways of teeth whitening

In General, all methods of tooth whitening can be divided into two large groups: Professional and Home. The latter has become very popular today, since hardly anyone loves to go to the dentist, even if he is drilling you with anything, and especially "pulling".

However, before you begin your way to the snow-white smile, it will be useful to first understand – and what is today, the different types of tooth whitening, as they are all very different from each other-and which most effectively. In addition, in the pursuit of efficiency, we must not forget that many types of teeth whitening know a very negative impact on the condition of the tooth enamel and it also has to be in advance.

Tooth whitening

Methods of bleaching the teeth in the essential parts to chemical and mechanical.

Chemical tooth whitening is the process of the destruction of the colored organic compounds in the interior of the tooth enamel with the help of special substances.

Mechanical teeth Whitening is, in fact, professional oral hygiene, many dental practitioners and Bleaching is not considered (although the procedure and gives a very strong visual impact).

Mechanical "Bleaching" of the teeth: the working principle

Mechanical tooth whitening is a possibility of whitening, the dental deposits (stones, dental Plaque), which leads, ultimately, to return to the natural tooth color.

Often, people who have forgotten over the years, Plaque smokers", a lover of coffee, as well as conglomerates of stones (usually the lower front teeth) built to the teeth" a long time ago, as in the standard of your clean teeth look. In such cases, you do not need to look for peroxide-containing pins or strips to bleach the teeth and concentrate, especially on the implementation of a professional oral hygiene – it is a much larger effect.

An important property of the mechanical whitening is a relative safety for the tooth enamel, because the main effect is not on Email, and on deposits on its surface.

Often, however, there are cases in which, after the execution of the corresponding procedure manifest can have quite unpleasant consequences. Due to the fact that the elimination of dental plaque, stones, and Plaque is often on the background of diseases of the periodontium (i.e. periodontitis), after the procedure, the teeth are actually unprotected. Until then, from all kinds of irritating your stones saved, and to respond to the removal of the necks of the teeth pain to start on cold, hot, etc. (this also numerous reviews in the Internet) to confirm.

This Problem is most often at the dentist periodontist, the treatment of the underlying disease and at the same time, the depth of fluoride-sensitive features of Email, and (in some cases) the cement of the root.

Mechanical Tooth Whitening

If it is really necessary, tooth whitening, and when it is unnecessary?

The practice shows that out of 10 people will to the dentist for tooth whitening procedures, only about 6-7 of them it is really relevant, and for the Rest either inefficient (because the Email is already close to the natural shade) or very unsafe.

Cases in which whitening effective:

  • The presence of Plaque and dental plaque;
  • To change the hue of the enamel associated with age;
  • Acquired discoloration of the tooth hard substance in yellow or brown.

Difficult to bleaching:

  • Congenital injury of the colors of enamel ;
  • Grey Discoloration;
  • Change the color of the bare Dentin.

The coloring on the background of the Plaque and Tartar kills the core of mechanical ways of bleaching, and "internal" chemicals.

Ultrasound - "bleach"

Mechanical tooth whitening ultrasound allows for the removal of calculus on all surfaces of the teeth with the help of ultrasonic apparatus and chisel. Apart from this, the ultrasound-Bleaching allows for the cleanup of the so-called "Plaque of the smoker", which is to be removed, neither at home, nor by the professional brushes almost impossible.

By the ultrasonic vibrations at the end of a special handpiece is a mechanical destruction of the Plaque and stone, as well as its distance from the surface of the enamel. In compliance with the essential instructions of the professional oral hygiene by means of ultrasonic tooth enamel does not hurt, and the negative impact of this type of tooth whitening usually not.

In the embodiment of the ultrasonic tooth cleaning through the top to the tooth, the water is: it is necessary to the safety and efficacy of the procedure. Water prevents the overheating of the tooth (this would result in necrosis of the pulp), but also creates a VORTEX flows through the oscillating movements of the hand piece, which improves the detachment of Tartar and Plaque.

Ultrasound -

The Technology Of Air-Flow

The technique of Air-Flow consists of the mechanical action on the object (tooth surface) is released under a lot of pressure jet of air, water and conventional baking powder. So, in the interior of the Air-Flow powder of sodium bicarbonate (plain baking soda, which in this case serves as an abrasive is used) and water-to-air channels.

Other mechanical methods of whitening the tooth enamel

Homemade mechanical methods of tooth whitening are probably today the most popular among the population, but at the same time – not the most reliable, and often even dangerous for the health of the teeth.

Most of the time, to make the teeth white, people so-called Whitening try to apply pastes, tooth. This is due to the fact that she is very much attractive is the idea – to the teeth, and with each day that white and white...

Many do not even think that it as active component in the majority of such pastes, scouring administered funds, the really active clean off of dental plaque, but at the same time seriously to the structure of the tooth enamel (easy to gradually, the e-mail delete can hurt).

From the analysis of the results of the researches of the bleaching tooth-pastes, and also only on the basis of reviews by ordinary people, it can be concluded that the whitening tooth pastes on the Basis of abrasives can help with soft and solid dental plaque, but for a certain period of time will also ruin tooth enamel.

Whitening tooth pastes on the Basis of chemical substances (e.g. enzymes) act on the dense Plaque with the force, as it requires real whitening, so the result of their application is questionable. However, there are many defenders of this type of tooth pastes, the notice a brightening effect (but not taken into account the fact that the manufacturer added often, or abrasives to help someone, dental plaque, with a normal "friction", and the presence of various exotics in the formulation of the Paste in this case is not more than a Marketing ploy).

Chemical tooth whitening different systems: pros and cons

Chemical tooth whitening existing popular systems are divided into professional and home-made. Professional whitening has a good whitening effect due to high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide or its derivatives are the active components of the applied gel on the tooth surface.

The modern technology of chemical teeth whitening also include goals for the use of assets, then start to decay of peroxides with the release of active oxygen. It can be:

  • Heat;
  • UV-radiation;
  • Laser radiation.

As a professional chemical teeth whitening different at home?

Firstly, the concentration of the bleaching agent substances for professional types of lead-acid cells is significantly higher (usually 30-35%). "Home-made" concentration is not more than 10-15%. This is due to the fact that on reception at the dentist, there are more options for the protection of the gums and the oral mucosa against aggressive substances.

Secondly, the real result is, on the professional bleaching to get, you can much move faster (in General, per visit) and a home-made way to 2 and more weeks.

Thirdly, professional types of teeth whitening often before activation of the chemical reaction of the devices on the Basis of Laser, UV-radiation, etc. – to a strong, quick and safe effect.

The most important Plus the lower damage for melting is (in comparison to a professional whitening of the teeth) and smaller indicators of bleaching.

Homemade methods of chemical bleaching

In addition to the controlled, Home-whitening teeth using custom bleaching systems, there are also "Amateur" options for the implementation of this process: Bleaching strips, pencils, etc.

Hardware-tooth whitening: advantages and disadvantages

Hardware teeth whitening technology in the medical room, chemical bleaching, but with the activation of the process with ultraviolet light.

In the case of cold bleaching Gel based on hydrogen peroxide is activated on the surface of the teeth and UV, Halogen or LED bulbs. The concentration of hydrogen peroxide is usually quite high, on average, 25-35%.

Hardware-whitening is one of the most effective methods, since its technology specifically focused on improving the results and reducing the sensitivity of the teeth . Light radiation:

  • you can increase the speed of the decay of peroxy-compounds with the release of active oxygen (which, actually, and plays an important role in the decoloration of colored substances);
  • reduces the exposure of the gel, which, in turn, reduces melting, the negative effects on the tooth.

Laser Teeth Whitening

Laser whitening is a modern and very effective method to clarify, practiced for about 15 years. Numerous studies have shown that in most clinical cases, it really is useful and relatively safe.

The principle of Laser whitening is almost the same as in the case of the methodology of Hardware-bleach: on the surface of the teeth whitening applied composition on the Basis of hydrogen peroxide, however, the activation of the active substance is not UV lamps and lasers. The Laser is a kind of catalyst that not only influence the speed of chemical reactions, but also on the depth (completeness).

Endo Bleaching

Endo Bleaching is used, if a dead tooth is acquiring due to its darker shade dyeing of fabrics, to form a necrosis of the pulp when the penetration of the pigment deep into the tissue of the dead tooth, or when painting with a filler material.

In such cases, external influences on the tooth is not allowed to deal with the Problem. But the chemical Bleaching allows this task to solve, as evidenced by the numerous positive feedback.

Whitening Pencil

Traditional methods of tooth whitening: harm or benefit?

And I can? self teeth whitening at home can be pins, without the use of all these lead, Cap and bleach strips Well, traditional methods of tooth whitening has long been known, but their comparison with professional systems showed the dubious effectiveness and, above all, uncertainty (in some cases).

Controlled dentist Home Bleaching does not belong to the methods. Similarly, strips for bleaching at home, mouth guard, pencils, and similar means of science learning System developed for use in the home, in comparison with the "grandmother," the possibilities are not quite sure, but more or less close to the evidence-based medicine and, not infrequently, some of the results show.


From the story, we can remember that the charcoal was the most effective method of teeth whitening in Russia. But currently, this technology is bleaching is hopelessly out of date (usually today try to whiten your teeth activated charcoal, for sale in pharmacies in the Form of tablets).

The idea of the application of activated charcoal for teeth whitening is based on the well-known is its ability to absorb different compounds from solutions (nice and absorbent).

However, to hope foolishly that the activated carbon pull out of the enamel its dark pigments. However, dental plaque (including dyed) delete an activated carbon is completely under the power, although with the same success you can simply thoroughly brush your teeth toothpaste with the middle indicator of the abrasion effect.

Baking soda – bleaching whether the teeth?

Baking powder is able to significantly the pH-environment to improve in the oral cavity, neutralises acids, but bleach the teeth from your home is very problematic.


Oddly enough, but the application of the strawberry is one of the most popular "berry-fruit" methods of teeth whitening, used popularly.

The proposed recipe for Bleaching about is:

  • Cut the strawberries into two halves;
  • RUB half of the teeth;
  • Leave on for about 10 minutes;
  • Then you brush your teeth, usual toothpaste.

Count distinct whitening effect from such applications, not strawberries clearly value. However, organic acids contribute to the easing of Tartar.

However, with the same success of long-term and regular actions of organic acids, the calcium will be washed out and the healthy tooth enamel – so you can provoke the occurrence of caries in the stage of white spots in the area of smiles, the problems of which without the right treatment can be so much more than the use of so doubtful procedure, a total of