Methods of teeth whitening

There are a large number of techniques of tooth whitening, including at home. This diversity complicates the choice, since every technique has advantages and disadvantages, which you must observe in order not to make a mistake.

Teeth whitening is one of the most popular treatments in aesthetic dentistry, it comes to the cleaning of Plaque and enamel color change of the Dentin under the influence of the active substances and agents. Depending on your wishes and condition of the dentition of the patient, the dentist, the type of bleaching, "brightens" a smile for 4 to 12 tones.

 Methods of teeth whitening and cleaning

3 steps of a professional bleaching

There are several methods for professional tooth whitening, but almost all are based on the principle of chemical reaction of Oxidation:

  1. The doctor inserts a whitening Gel on the teeth;
  2. Strengthens its activity by heating a special lamp or a laser beam.
  3. Then reagent water washes covered teeth protective, fluorine-containing paint.

The prices for whitening

  • The affordable method, the micro abrasion is a Dental cleaning with Soda. Production of silicone-Cap, purchase and Home-whitening-Gel-applications under the control of the dental practitioner costs 6 000 rubles.
  • The most expensive cost of a session of photo-whitening, but the effect of this type of Bleaching lasts for 5-7 years.

How long the procedure takes

Outpatient is the whitening procedure can be performed in a single session. Its duration depends on the chosen method: the cleaning of the surface of the teeth from the apparatus Air Flow takes about 30 minutes, photo-whitening — 1.5-2 hours.

Process for the bleaching of the teeth

Types of tooth whitening

  • Deep Whitening.

    The most common bleaching agent in cosmetic dentistry carbamide peroxide.

    On the basis of whitening gels, strips and pencils, and Belle, Supersmile, Rembrandt, Sheer White and the other created. This funding will be considered after the technology Zoom and 3 treatments under the supervision of a physician at home.

  • Endodontic Whitening

    Darkening of the "inanimate" of the teeth may be the result of endodontic treatment with application of resorcinol. In this case, the cleaning of canals: of the tooth the seal to remove and inside its channels injected with a chemically-active substance (usually perborate of sodium with hydrogen peroxide 30%). After 3-4 days the method is repeated and so on until reaching the desired effect on the scale of Vita. Then, a permanent seal.

  • Mechanical Cleaning

    "Plaque smokers", and yellowing of the tooth enamel caused by the ingestion of "colored" foods (coffee, black tea, red wine), deleted with this method Air-Flow.

Method Whitening Air Flow

With the help of Air Flow technology can not only smile "brighten" her, but also to improve the structure of tooth enamel, to smooth out the bumps on your. Here, salt, Soda and flavors. As in the case of photo-whitening skin, the mucous membranes of the patient's protective Gel isolated, then the teeth water jet is directed with Soda.

The effect of fining is to 6-12 months.

Zoom 3

Most of the private dental clinics, in addition to the Standard machines, the halogen lamps from Philips. Under their influence whitening Gel components are selected, the oxidation reaction, and the active ingredients eliminate discolourness.

The procedure of chemical Bleaching requires compliance with the safety regulations:

  1. To isolate the gums to protect the with the help of liquid cofferdam, the patient's eyes by special glasses.
  2. The teeth are noodles with a high percentage of abrasive materials.
  3. On the crown layer of the whitening Gel is applied. Every 10-20 minutes, Dr. applique updated.
  4. Liquid bleaching agent on the teeth "burning" a special lamp.
  5. After the completion of the procedure, the remnants of the gel with plenty of water wash, the dentist teeth are covered with fluorine-containing coating.

Minus photo-whitening — higher cost, than, say, Air Flow cleaning.

Teeth whitening options at home

Tooth whitening is possible and at home. But note, only under the supervision of a doctor! Drugs that apply to this objective, contain acid and, in the case of incorrect breeding, you can cave burns in the mouth.

Safe technology of teeth whitening involves several steps:

  1. The dentist takes an impression of the teeth of the patient and directs the Material to the laboratory, where it produces tailor-made silicone mouth guard.
  2. Kapu filled with a special Gel, acid concentration of up to 10-times lower in comparison with professional products for use in the outpatient setting.
  3. The Patient used daily a design, gradually increasing the time of wearing mouthguards with 1 to 8 hours.

A result of the Home-method is expected in a week and the maximum effect is 20-35 days.

Comparison of the results with different methods for teeth whitening

Most useful, in the opinion of the experts (8-12 colors) is the method of photo-whitening. In this way, you will achieve a whitening of up to 4-8 shades. The wearing of the "home" Cap for bleaching, the teeth 3-6 is wearing shades.

In the presence of contraindications to this type of procedures (allergic reactions, intake of photosensitive drugs, pregnancy, and lactation), the dentist can recommend you a safe Whitening toothpaste that whitens the tooth enamel to 1-2 shades. For example, Colgate Optic White, Tom's of Maine or Armand Hammer Whitening Booster.

Pros and cons of the procedure

Unpleasant feeling and taste in the mouth disappear after 2-3 days, and the results of the procedure, depending on the method selected, years in the course of six months, up to 7.

Possible Side Effects:

  • Discomfort and slight pain at the heat lamp teeth and effects on the enamel abrasive solids;
  • Redness of the gums;
  • the increase in the sensitivity of the teeth.

Advantages of professional teeth whitening:

  • Whitening on 10 or more tones;
  • no harm to the tooth enamel;
  • the maneuverability of the methods (only 1 session!);
  • long-lasting aesthetic effect.

The procedure of tooth whitening clinics, both in private as well as public dental. Prior to the whitening doctor may recommend that you cave in the rehabilitation of the mouth.